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quinta-feira, 28 de junho de 2012

SHOTGUN Events at the Olympic Games - Part IV


SHOTGUN Events
The competition consists in a qualification and a final round.
Shooters, drawn in Squads of 6, must stand on designated shooting stations to shoot at clay targets that are released on or after the shooter’s command.
A “HIT” is declared when the target is shot and at least 1 visible piece is seen by the Referee to fall from it.
The shooter who hits the most targets (qualification rounds + Final) wins.
Shotguns and Cartridges - Shotguns differ from rifle and pistols in that they are smooth bored rather than “rifled” and fire a number of pellets rather than a single projectile. The maximum effective range for clay target shooting is considered to be about 50m.
“Clay” Targets - The modern flying saucer shaped targets that are now shot in competitions are not now made of clay but of pitch and chalk. They are approximately 110mm x 25mm (4” x 1”). Targets are generally orange coloured for better sighting, and the targets used in Finals rounds also contain a coloured powder highlighting the HITS (so called “flash targets”).
Target Throwing Machines - These are called “traps”. They are sophisticated automatic machines that are capable of throwing a clay target the trajectories and distances required for each event. The target is released by the trap via a microphone system that reacts to the shooter’s call.

Trap Men
The Trap event is considered to be shotgun’s “long range” contest.
Trap shooters use double-barrelled guns because in the qualification stages 2 shots are permitted at each target. During the final round, only one shot is permitted at each target.
Targets are released from an underground bunker, which has 15 trap machines in a straight line below ground level, set to throw targets at various heights, angles and speeds, away from the shooter.
The shooters shoot in turn from 5 designated shooting stations set 15m back from the front edge of the bunker roof and about 3 meters apart. The shooter does not know from which trap the target will be thrown but all shooters shoot at the same kind of targets at sometime during the round.
A round consists of 25 targets for each shooter.
SPECIFICATIONS
DESCRIPTION
QUALIFICATION
125 clays in 5 rounds of 25 targets
- Athletes, divided in 6-shooters squad, fire 5 qualification rounds of 25 targets each.
- 2 shots are permitted at each target.
WHO QUALIFY FOR THE FINAL?
The 6 best shooters enter the final
- The 6 shooters with the highest “Qualification score” enter the final.
FINAL
1 round of 25 targets
- 1 shot is permitted at each target (the second barrel can’t be used)
WHO WINS THE MATCH?
The shooter who totalizes the highest “Total score” wins
“Qualification” and “Final” scores are added to determinate the “Total score”.
TARGETS
Clay target about 110mm (4 inches) in diameter and about 25mm (1 inch) in height.
Targets are coloured in bright orange for better sighting and the targets used in Finals rounds also contain a powder which is more easily seen (so called flash targets)
GUN
Shotgun
- 12 gauge.
- Single trigger, “over-under” shotgun (one barrel above the other).
- Loaded with smooth bored shells with a maximum of 24.5g of pellets


Trap Women
The Trap event is considered to be shotgun’s “long range” contest.
Trap shooters use double-barrelled guns because in the qualification stages 2 shots are permitted at each target. During the final round, only one shot is permitted at each target.
Targets are released from an underground bunker, which has 15 trap machines in a straight line below ground level, set to throw targets at various heights, angles and speeds, away from the shooter.
The shooters shoot in turn from 5 designated shooting stations set 15m back from the front edge of the bunker roof and about 3 meters apart. The shooter does not know from which trap the target will be thrown but all shooters shoot at the same kind of targets at sometime during the round.
A round consists of 25 targets for each shooter.
SPECIFICATIONS
DESCRIPTION
QUALIFICATION
75 clays in 3 rounds of 25 targets
- Athletes, divided in 6-shooters squad, fire 5 qualification rounds of 25 targets each.
- 2 shot are permitted at each target.
WHO QUALIFY FOR THE FINAL?
The 6 best shooters enter the final
- The 6 shooters with the highest “Qualification score” enter the final.
FINAL
1 round of 25 targets
- 1 shot only is permitted at each target (the second barrel can’t be used)
WHO WINS THE MATCH?
The shooter who totalizes the highest “Total score” wins
“Qualification” and “Final” scores are added to determinate the “Total score”.
TARGETS
Clay target about 110mm (4 inches) in diameter and about 25mm (1 inch) in height.
Targets are coloured in bright orange for better sighting and the targets used in Finals rounds also contain a powder which is more easily seen (so called flash targets)
GUN
Shotgun
- 12 gauge.
- Single trigger, “over-under” shotgun (one barrel above the other).
- Loaded with smooth bored shells with a maximum of 24.5g of pellets


Skeet Men
Skeet is considered a “short range” event.
Shooters fire from 8 different designated shooting stations at a series of “singles” and simultaneous “doubles”, which are thrown from two different trap houses (“high house” and “low house”) situated at each end of an arc of a circle of about 40 m diameter.
Competitors may fire only 1 shot per target. Competitors must also hold their shotgun stock on or below an official marker tape, which is fixed at elbow level, until the target appears.
Targets are thrown on shooter’s command after a variable delay (0-3 seconds)
The men's match consists in a qualification of 125 targets, shot in five rounds of 25 over 2 days. Three qualification rounds are fired on day one; two qualification rounds plus the Final are shot on day two.
Following the qualifications, the top six competitors advance to a 25 target “Finals” round.
Medals are awarded on the total of the Qualification and the Final scores.
SPECIFICATIONS
DESCRIPTION
QUALIFICATION
125 clays in 5 rounds of 25 targets
- Athletes, divided in 6-shooters squads, fire 5 qualification rounds of 25 targets each over two days
- 1 shot is permitted at each target
WHO QUALIFY FOR THE FINAL?
The 6 best shooters enter the final
- The 6 shooters with the highest “Qualification score” enter the final.
FINAL
1 round of 25 targets
WHO WINS THE MATCH?
The shooter who totalizes the highest “Total score” wins
“Qualification” and “Final” scores are added to determinate the “Total score”.
TARGETS
Clay target about 110mm (4 inches) in diameter and about 25mm (1 inch) in height.
Targets are coloured in bright orange for better sighting and the targets used in Finals rounds also contain a powder which is more easily seen (so called flash targets)
GUN
Shotgun
- 12 gauge.
- Single trigger, “over-under” shotgun (one barrel above the other).
- Loaded with smooth bored shells with a maximum of 24.5g of pellets

Skeet Women
Skeet is considered a “short range” event.
Shooters fire from 8 different designated shooting stations at a series of “singles” and simultaneous “doubles”, which are thrown from two different trap houses (“high house” and “low house”) situated at each end of an arc of a circle of about 40 m diameter.
Competitors may fire only 1 shot per target. Competitors must also hold their shotgun stock on or below an official marker tape, which is fixed at elbow level, until the target appears.
Targets are thrown on shooter’s command after a variable delay (0-3 seconds)
The women’s match consists in a qualification of 75 targets, shot in three rounds of 25 over 1 day.
Following the qualifications, the top six competitors advance to a 25 target “Finals” round.
Medals are awarded on the total of the Qualification and the Final scores.
SPECIFICATIONS
DESCRIPTION
QUALIFICATION
75 clays in 3 rounds of 25 targets
- Athletes, divided in 6-shooter squad, fire 5 qualification rounds of 25 targets each.
- 1 shot is permitted at each target
WHO QUALIFY FOR THE FINAL?
The 6 best shooters enter the final
- The 6 shooters with the highest “Qualification score” enter the final.
FINAL
1 round of 25 targets
WHO WINS THE MATCH?
The shooter who totalizes the highest “Total score” wins
“Qualification” and “Final” scores are added to determinate the “Total score”.
TARGETS
Clay target about 110mm (4 inches) in diameter and about 25mm (1 inch) in height.
Targets are coloured in bright orange for better sighting and the targets used in Finals rounds also contain a powder which is more easily seen (so called flash targets)
WEAPON
Shotgun
- 12 gauge.
- Single trigger, “over-under” shotgun (one barrel above the other).
- Loaded with smooth bored shells with a maximum of 24.5g of pellets.

Double Trap Men
Double Trap is considered the “medium range” event.
The shooters (in squads of six) shoot in turn from 5 designated shooting stations set 15m back from the front edge of the bunker roof.
Upon shooter’s command, 2 targets (the “double” or “couple”) are released simultaneously within a period of 0 ~ 1 second from the trap machines in centre of the bunker. The 2 targets travel at different heights and angles and a round consist of 25 “doubles” (for a total of 50 targets). The shooters fire 1 shot at each target.
SPECIFICATIONS
DESCRIPTION
QUALIFICATION
150 clays in 3 rounds of 50 targets.
- The targets are thrown in couples (the “doubles”).
- Athletes, divided in 6-shooter squad, fire 3 qualification rounds of 25 “doubles” (50 targets) each
WHO QUALIFY FOR THE FINAL?
The 6 best shooters enter the final
- The 6 shooters with the highest “Qualification score” enter the final.
FINAL
1 round of 50 targets
The targets are thrown in couples (the “doubles”)
WHO WINS THE MATCH?
The shooter who totalizes the highest “Total score” wins
“Qualification” and “Final” scores are added to determinate the “Total score”.
TARGETS
Clay target about 110mm (4 inches) in diameter and about 25mm (1 inch) in height.
Targets are coloured in bright orange for better sighting and the targets used in Finals rounds also contain a powder which is more easily seen (so called flash targets)
WEAPON
Shotgun
- 12 gauge.
- Single trigger, “over-under” shotgun (one barrel above the other).
- Loaded with smooth bored shells with a maximum of 24.5g of pellets.
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